Baluran National Park is representative of a specific forest ecosystem dry on the island of Java, the type of vegetation consists of savanna, mangrove forest, monsoon forest, beach forest, lower montane forests, swamp forest and evergreen forests throughout the year. About 40 percent of savannah vegetation types dominate Baluran National Park area.
Plants in this national park as many as 444 species, of which there are native plants are unique and interesting that is Widoro bukol (Ziziphus rotundifolia), neem (Azadirachta indica), and Pilang (Acacia leucophloea). Widoro bukol, neem, and Pilang is a plant that is able to adapt in a very dry condition (still looks green), while the plants have withered and dry.
Other plants that like acid (Tamarindus indica), yam (Dioscorea hispida), candle nut (Aleurites moluccana), gebang (Corypha utan), fire-fire (Avicennia sp.), Kendal (Cordia obliqua), manting (Syzygium polyanthum), and billowing (Sterculia foetida).
There are 26 species of mammals such as bison (Bos javanicus javanicus), wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), deer (Cervus timorensis Russa), leopard (Panthera pardus weld), deer ( Tragulus javanicus pelandoc), and cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
Animal bull mascot / characteristic of the National Park Baluran.
In addition, there are about 155 species of birds including the rare such as the kite fire (Hirundo rustica), tuwuk / tuwur asia (Eudynamys scolopacea), peacock (Pavo muticus), red jungle fowl (Gallus Gallus), kangkareng (Anthracoceros convecus ), hornbills (Buceros rhinoceros), and stork barrels (Leptoptilos javanicus).
Forests are always green all year
At Hm. 80 Bars – Bekol, there are old wells that become legend surrounding communities. Legend has it that the town of Banyuwangi, Bali and Baluran equally digging wells. If, wells in each city the first issue of water and fly the flag, meaning the city would become a center of trade and culture.
Some locations / attractions to be visited:
Bars. Seeing the relics of history / Japanese site of the cave, the tomb of the son of Maulana Malik Ibrahim, peacock dance attractions in the mating season between October / November and camping. Facilities: information center and campground.
Bekol and Semiang. Observation of wildlife such as pheasant, peacock, deer, antelope, bison, wild buffalo, birds.
Existing facilities: homestead researchers, guest house, the tower of view.
Bama, Balanan, chamber. Marine tourism, fishing, diving / snorkeling, and fights between male deer in July / August; and a flock of gray ape that fishing for crabs with his tail at low tide.
Manting, Air Kacip. The source of water that never dry all year, leopard habitat.
Popongan, Sejile, Sirontoh, Kalitopo. Boating on the calm sea, seeing various kinds of ornamental fish, migratory bird observation.
Rainfall cry. Activities of rock climbing as high as 10-30 meters, with a slope of up to 85%.
Bang Temple, Labuan Peacock, Kramat. Cultural tourism.
The best visiting season: March to August each year.
How to reach the location: Banyuwangi-bars with a distance of 35 km, which continued to Bekol with a time of 45 minutes (12 km) or Situbondo-bars with a distance of 60 miles by car.