Ijen Crater is located at the peak of Mount Ijen, which is one of a series of volcanoes in East Java such as Bromo, Semeru and Merapi. Mount Ijen is located on the east side of Mount Merapi (in East Java also has mountains which have the same name with the mountain in the Mount Merapi in Central Java). Tourism Regions or crater Ijen Park Nature Reserve is located in the subdistrict of slippery, Banyuwangi and Sub Klobang, regency.
Ijen Crater lies at an altitude of 2368 meters above sea level. What’s interesting is this crater is located in the middle of the largest caldera on the island of Java. The size of the caldera about 20 miles. Size own crater approximately 960 meters by 600 meters with a depth of 200 meters. This crater is located at a depth of more than 300 meters below the caldera wall.
Why crater is one of the most acidic crater in the world? Do you know how many degrees of acidity (pH) of this crater? This crater has a very high acidity level that is close to zero so that the human body can dissolve quickly. In addition, the temperature of the crater that reached 200 degrees Celsius increase amazed by this huge crater. However, behind the numbers that make these fears, it presents the enchanting beauty of this crater is also amazing. The beauty of what you can get in the crater?
Enchantment Beauty crater
Ijen IjenKawah enchanting beauty from the top of Mount Ijen looks very beautiful. This crater is a large lake with a bluish-green mist and sulfur fumes which are very charming. In addition, cold air with a temperature of 10 degrees Celsius, and even can reach a temperature of 2 degrees Celsius, will add its own sensation. A variety of plants that exist only in the plateau can also be found, such as Edelweiss Flower and Pine Mountain.
At early morning, when the sun began to shine crater area, beautiful scenery you can enjoy. Ijen Crater bluish green will be added to the golden sunlight that bounces in the crater. Stunning scenery you can also get to see the enchanting beauty of nearby Mount Merapi. Mount Merapi have a similar shape to Mount Ijen. The most appropriate moment to witness the beauty of Ijen is in the morning.
To get to the crater, you have to down a path along the caldera cliffs. Do not forget to bring life cover because sometimes sulfur smoke blown through the track. You can also surround the caldera in the region which takes around 8 to 10 hours on foot.
Sulfur miners Traditional
One of the attention of visitors at the crater area is a traditional sulfur miners. They boldly approached the lake to dig sulfur with simple equipment and then carried by the basket.
This sulfur miners take sulfur from the bottom of the crater. Here the smoke is thick enough, but with nose closing to the degree necessary equipment such as gloves, they are still looking for molten sulfur. The molten sulfur obtained from the pipe leading to the source of volcanic gases that contain sulfur. This gas flowed through a pipe and went out in the form of molten sulfur are red. Once frozen sulfur yellow.
After the sulfur is cut, the miners would carry it through the path. The loads carried enough weight between 80 to 100 kg. The miners are accustomed to bear this heavy burden as he walked the path on the caldera cliffs down the mountain as far as 3 miles.
You can reach the crater through two alternative routes. Here is a route frequently used by visitors to Crater of Ijen:
This route is more difficult to pass due to poor road conditions. Usually used by the climbers for climbing route of Mount Ijen. This route can be reached from Banyuwangi, then headed to Slippery District. From slippery to Jambu and then to Patulding. From Patulding you walk through the trail and the caldera cliff as far as 2 kilometers to the crater. The total mileage of this route is 38 kilometers.
This route is more easily passed because road conditions are good and relatively smooth. This route can be reached from Bondowoso, then headed Wonosari, then to Sempol and finally to Patulding. From Patulding you walk through the trail and the caldera cliff as far as 2 kilometers to the crater. Mileage of this route is 70 miles with views of pine forest coffee trees and charming.
You can go Bondowoso and Banyuwangi with public transportation from Surabaya. Distance from Surabaya to Banyuwangi Bondowoso and approximately 200 kilometers. For security reasons, the crater was closed starting at 14.00 because of the intensity of the toxic fumes of sulfur increases after that hour.
Ijen Crater is one of the charms of natural beauty of Indonesia. Many foreign tourists and local tourists visiting the region Ijen to witness the charm of natural beauty and uniqueness of the traditional sulfur miners in the crater. You are interested to visit him on vacation this time?