The flag of Indonesia
Indonesia flag, Flag of the Republic of Indonesia, which are briefly referred to the Flag State, is the Red and White. State flag of the Red and White rectangular with width 2/3 (two-thirds) of the length and the top red and bottom white both halves of the same size.
Red and white colors taken from the state flag of the Kingdom of Majapahit. Actually not only the kingdom of Majapahit who wore red and white flag as a symbol of greatness. Before the Majapahit kingdom Kediri been wearing red and white pennants. In addition, the flag of war Sisingamangaraja IX of the Batak lands were wearing red and white as the color of the flag, white twin swords illustrated with bright red base and white. Red and white flag of war is Sisingamangaraja XII. Two swords symbolize the twin piso style of densely packed, heritage kings Sisingamangaraja I-XII. When there is war in Aceh, fighters – fighters in Aceh have used the flag of war in the form of banners in red and white, applied to the image on the back of the sword, crescent moon, sun, and stars as well as some of the verses of Al Quran.Di Bugis kingdom of Bone age , South Sulawesi before Whitewater Palakka, the flag is a symbol of power and greatness of the kingdom Bone.Bendera Bone was known as Woromporang. At the time of the Java War (1825-1830 AD) Diponegoro wear the banner of red and white in its struggle against the Dutch. Later, the colors are turned back by the students and later the nationalists in the early 20th century as an expression of nationalism against the Dutch. Red and white flag is used for the first time in Java in 1928. Under colonial rule, the flag was banned from use. It was adopted as the national flag on August 17, 1945, when independence was declared and has been used since then as well.
Meaning of Color
The flag of Indonesia has a philosophical meaning. Red means the bold, white means pure. Red symbolizes the human body, while white symbolizes the human soul. Both are complementary and perfect for Indonesia.
In terms of history, from ancient days both red and white color implies a saint. The red color is similar to the color of brown sugar / brown sugar and white color similar to rice. Both of these materials is the main ingredient in the cuisines of Indonesia, especially in Java. When the victorious kingdom of Majapahit in the archipelago, the color of the banner used are red and white (white banners brother). Since the first red and white colors used by the Javanese ritual of salvation for the content of the baby after the age of four months in the womb in the form of slurry fed some red dye. Javanese people believe that pregnancy begins from the merging of the red element as a symbol of the mother, the blood that spilled when the baby is born, and white as a symbol of the father element, which is planted in the womb.
White Red Flag Regulations
Flag is set according to the Constitution states in Article 35 of ’45, Law No. 24/2009, and Government Regulation No.40/1958 on National Flag of the Republic of Indonesia
State flags are made of fabric and color does not fade with the provisions of sizes:
1. 200 cm x 300 cm for use in the field of the presidential palace;
2. 120 cm x 180 cm for use in the public square;
3. 100 cm x 150 cm for use in the room;
4. 36 cm x 54 cm for use in the car of President and Vice President;
5. 30 cm x 45 cm for use in the car of state officials;
6. 20 cm x 30 cm for use in public transport;
7. 100 cm x 150 cm for use in ships;
8. 100 cm x 150 cm for use on the train;
9. 30 cm x 45 cm for use in aircraft; and
10. 10 cm x 15 cm for use in the table.
Raising and / or installation of the State Flag made on the time between sunrise to sunset. In certain circumstances, can be done at night.
State flag shall be flown at each nation’s Independence Day of Indonesia on August 17 by a citizen who controlled the right to use the home, or office buildings, educational units, public transport and private transport in the entire territory of the Republic of Indonesia and the representative office of Republic of Indonesia in abroad.