Indonesia Religion, Types Of Religion In Indonesia
In Indonesia, many in the know atauAgama various beliefs, but religion recognized in Indonesia there are only five, including Islam, Protestantism and Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism.
Islam is a religion of faith in one God, Islam in the language (in lafadz) has several meanings. Islam consists of basic letters (in Arabic): “Sin”, “Lam”, and “people”. Some katadalam Arabic has the same basic letter with “Islam”, has nothing to do with the meaning of Islam.
Islam in the language are: Islamul wajh (face down), Al istislam (surrender), As Salamah (holy net), As Salam (peace selamatdan), As Silmu (peace), and Sullam (steps, stages, atautaddaruj).
By the term, Islam means the revelation of God, the din of the prophets and messengers, guides of human life, the laws of God in the Qur’an and Sunnah, and he is the right path, for the salvation of the world and the hereafter.
The principal teachings of Islam is summed up in kalimatsyahadat. Creed means persausian or pengakuanadanya Almighty God and acknowledges Muhammad sebagaiRasul-Nya.Pada outline the basic teachings of Islam can be divided into three:
a. Aqeedah (belief)
b. Shari’ah (religious ruling to do)
c. Morality (moral)
The general criteria of Islam:
• The name of the holy book of Islam: Al-Qur’an.
• Name of carrier teachings: the Prophet Muhammad SAW
• Beginnings: Less / over 1400 years ago.
• The name of the place of worship: mosques.
• Day of the religious: Muharram, Ashura, Maulud Prophet’s Isra ‘Mi’raj, Nuzulul Qur’ an, Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, and the New Hijri Year.
2. Protestant and Catholic
Christianity is a belief that is based on the teachings, life, passion, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ or Jesus Christ.
Christianity is believing that Jesus Christ is Lord danMesias, Savior for all mankind, who redeemed mankind from dosa. Their worship in church and they are the Bible scriptures. The disciples of Jesus Christ are called Christians first in Antioch
Is an ideology in Protestant Christianity. Schools or denominations came after protests Martin Luther’s 95 Theses in 1517dengan nya.Kata own Protestant Christians yangmenolak applied to the teaching and authority of the Catholic Church Katolik.Kata actually means “universal” or “whole” or “common” (from the Greek adjective (katholikos) which menggambarkansifat church founded by Jesus Christ.
a. Behalf of the Christian scriptures Protestant and Catholic: the Bible.
b. Carrier name: Isa / Jesus Christ.
c. Beginnings: Less / over 2,000 years ago.
d. Name a place of worship: Church.
e. Religious holidays: Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, IsaAlmasih increase, and Pentecostal.
Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world who still bertahanhingga today, Hinduism in Sanskrit means: Sanatana Dharma “Eternal Truth”, and Vaidika-Dharma (Truth Knowledge).
Hinduism is a religion that originated from the Indian subcontinent. Agamaini a continuation of the Vedic religion (Brahmanism) that merupakankepercayaan Indo-Iranian (Aryan). Religion is thought munculantara year 3102 BC to 1300 BC.
a.Nama Hindu scriptures: The Vedas
b.Nama carrier Doctrine: –
d.Nama places of worship: temples.
major religious e.Hari: Nyepi, Saraswati, Pagerwesi, Galungan, and Brass.
Buddha in Sanskrit is: Those who are aware, the true enlightenment. from the Sanskrit word: “Budh”, to know, Buddha is a title to individuals yangmenyadari full potential to advance themselves and the berkembangkesadarannya.
In contemporary usage, is often used to refer to Siddhartha Gautama, the religious teacher and founder of the Religious Buddhadianggap “Buddha for this time”. In another use, he merupakantarikan and examples for people who have been realized.
Buddhism has survived several designations and sebutanitu closely with the history of his life, namely:
a. Gautama Buddha: one who receives inspiration
b. Sidhartha: those who achieved the goal
c. Cakyamuni: the wise man of the descendants of Cahya
d. Tathagata: people who have achieved true
e. Yita: those who achieve victory
Buddhists do not consider Siddhartha Gautama Buddha hyang as the first or last. Technically, a Buddha, someone who found the Dharma or Dhamma (the mean: Truth; the actual case, reason, the difficulty the human condition, and the true path to freedom through Awareness, datangselepas good karma (goal) endured poorly balanced and semuatindakan not proficient left).
a. Buddhist scriptures name: Tri Pitaka.
b. His teaching carrier name: Siddharta Gautama.
c. Beginnings: Less / over 2,500 years ago.
d. Name a place of worship: temples.
e. Religious holidays: Vesak and Katina.
Confucianism or Confucius, is a teacher or a famous sage and social philosopher of China, sometimes often hanyadisebut Confucianism (Hanzi, Hanyu Pinyin: Kongfuzi? Kongzi) (551 BC – 479SM). Filsafahnya concerned with personal morality and government, danmenjadi popular because of the strong principle in Chinese traditional properties. By the followers of Confucianism, he was recognized as a prophet.
The existence of the level of religious Tiong Hoa terdiriatas three parts, namely:
a. Nature devotee; Since time immemorial people Tionghoamerupakan nation of farmers. So they are very erathubungannya with ground and power-kekuatankedewataan, found in nature. Each tahundiadakan celebration with various rite-rite and the parties to supplement the results of the farm.
b. Respect to leluruh; Salute to the ancestors is also important. Ancestral graves jarangdijumpai not on land owned by the family. Merekameminta worship spirits. Because it is bagianpenting of worship ceremony.
c. Worship of the sky; regards the most important adalahpemujaan against the sky. Certain religious scholars declared that the god of the sky god palingtua.
The general criteria of Confucianism:
a. The Holy Name of Confucius: –
b. The teaching Carrier Name: Confucius
c. The beginning: –
d. Name Place of Worship: Shrine / Temple
e. Day of the religious: Sembayang to ancestral spirits, the Lunar New Year, Ca Go Mek, Twan Yang, Twan Yang, Hari Tangcik / Sembayang Ronde etc