Pangrango Mount Gede National Park is one of five national parks in Indonesia announced the first time in 1980. The situation is typical and unique natural, making the National Park of Mount Gede-Pangrango as a natural laboratory of interest to researchers since long.
Recorded in 1819, C.G.C. Reinwardt as among the first to climb Mount Gede, then followed by FW Junghuhn (1839-1861), J.E. Teysmann (1839), A.R. Wallace (1861), SH Koorders (1890), M. Treub (1891), W.M. van Leeuen (1911); and C.G.G.J. van Steenis (1920-1952) has made a collection of plants as the basis for preparation of the book “THE MOUNTAIN FLORA OF JAVA” published in 1972.
Gunung Gede National Park has a diversity of ecosystems Pangrango consisting of sub-montane ecosystems, montane, sub-alpine, lakes, swamps, and savanna.
Sub-montane ecosystems are characterized by many large trees and tall like jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus) and puspa (Schima walliichii). While sub-alphin ecosystems characterized by grass-covered plains of Isachne pangerangensis, eidelweis flower (Anaphalis javanica), violet (Viola pilosa), and cantigi (Vaccinium varingiaefolium).
Endangered primate found in the National Park and Mount Gede-Pangrango of gibbons (Hylobates moloch), surili (Presbytis Comata Comata), and ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus) and other rare animals such as leopards (Panthera pardus weld), Java porcupine (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), and throat yellow weasels (Martes flavigula).
National Park of Mount Gede-famous Pangrango rich in various kinds of as many as 251 species of birds of 450 species found in Java. Several species of rare birds such as the Javanese eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) and owls (Otus angelinae).
National Park of Mount Gede-Pangrango defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve in 1977, and as Sister Park with State Parks in Malaysia in 1995.
Penungjung at the summit of Mount Gede
History and legend that is the belief that local communities about the existence and King Siliwangi Suryakencana Grandmother in Mount Gede. People believe that the spirit of Grandmother King Siliwangi Suryakencana and will continue to maintain so as not to erupt Gunung Gede. At some point, many people who go into caves around Mount Gede to semedhi / meditate and perform religious ceremonies.
Some locations / attractions to be visited:
Telaga Biru. Small-sized five-hectare lake (1575 meters above sea level.) Located 1.5 km from the entrance Cibodas. This lake always looks blue in the sun, because it is covered by blue algae.
Cibeureum waterfall. Waterfalls which have a height of about 50 meters is located about 2.8 km from Cibodas. In the vicinity of the waterfall to see the kind of red algae are endemic in West Java.
Hot Water. Located about 5.3 km or 2 hours drive from Cibodas.
Stone Cage Cage and Rhino. For camping activities and observations of plants / animals. Located at an altitude of 2220 m. asl with a distance of 7.8 km or 3.5 hours drive from Cibodas.
Crater Peak and Mount Gede. Panorama of sunset / sunrise, stretch of the city of Cianjur, Sukabumi, Bogor seen clearly, attractions and interesting geological observations typical plants around the crater. At the top there are three craters are still active in a complex that is the crater Lanang, Queen and Wadon. Located at an altitude of 2958 m. asl with a distance of 9.7 km or 5 hours drive from Cibodas.
Suryakencana square. Plain area of 50 hectares covered with edelweiss flower beds. Located at an altitude of 2750 m. asl with a distance of 11.8 km or 6 hours drive from Cibodas.
Gunung Putri and Selabintana. Camping with a capacity of 100-150 people.
The best visiting season: June to September.
How to reach the location: Jakarta-Bogor-Cibodas with approximately 2.5 hours (± 100 km) by car, or Bandung-Cipanas-Cibodas with time 2 hours (± 89 km), and Bogor-Selabintana with time 2 hours (52 km).