Sentarum Lake National Park is representative of wetland ecosystem of the lake, freshwater swamp forest and tropical rain forest in Borneo.
Lake Sentarum as a seasonal lake in the park is located on the Kapuas river basin, which is about 700 km from the estuary leading to the South China Sea. Bounded by the hills and highlands that surround, Lake Sentarum a water catchment area and at the same time as the regulator of the water system for the Kapuas River Basin. Thus, the areas located downstream of the Kapuas River is highly dependent on fluctuations in the amount of water collected in the lake.
Sentarum Lake National Park has a distinctive and original plants are tembesu / tengkawang (Shorea beccariana). There are also lowland forest plants such as jelutung (Dyera costulata), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), meranti (Shorea sp.), Keruing (Dipterocarpus sp.), And ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri).
Aquatic systems from freshwater lakes and flooded forests makes Lake Sentarum unlike other lakes. The water was colored dark reddish because they contain tannins derived from peat in the surrounding forest. In the rainy season, the depth of the lake water can reach 6-8 meters and cause tergenangnya surrounding forest. However, during the dry season, where the water level in Sungai Kapuas gradually decreased, water from Lake Sentarum will flow into the Kapuas River so that water in the river discharge is relatively stable. Finally at the peak of the dry season, state Sentarum Lake and the surrounding area will become a vast expanse of land. The fish that had been on the lake, will be seen in small pools.
People’s lives around the national park which tribe Dayak Iban, Sebaruk, Sontas, Kenyah and Punan still traditional. Longhouse (betang) which is inhabited by tribes are diverse in size, there are five to eight inhabited and there are heads of households are occupied by 15 to 30 heads of households. Longhouses inhabited by 15-30 heads of families, have an average length of 186 meters and 6 meters wide. Life at home betang show a harmony, innocence and the hospitality of the tribe, and usually tourists will be treated to dance Dayak.
Some locations / attractions to be visited:
Lanjak Hill, and Mount Nanga Kenelang Tekenang. View a panorama of the lake, boating and bird and animal observation equipped research laboratory facilities.
How to reach the location:
How to reach the location: Pontianak-Sintang-Semitau using four-wheel vehicle about 11 hours or Sintang-Semitau use longboat (Bandong) taken about seven hours. From Semitau to the location using a motor boat Lanjak majors. Pontianak-Putussibau by plane about two hours and from Putussibau longboat to Nanga Suhaid with about seven hours.